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Bougainvillea over white wall

Bougainvillea over white wall leica

Bougainvillea over white wall

Bougainvillea /ˌbuːɡɨnˈvɪliə/[2] (also known as Napoleón (Honduras), veranera (Colombia, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica and Panama), trinitaria (Colombia, Cuba, Panama, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic & Venezuela), Santa Rita (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) or papelillo (northern Peru)) is a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to Perú and south to southern Argentina (Chubut Province). Different authors accept between four and 18 species in the genus.

They are thorny, woody vines growing anywhere from 1 to 12 m (3 to 40 ft.) tall, scrambling over other plants with their spiky thorns. The thorns are tipped with a black, waxy substance. They are evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season. The leaves are alternate, simple ovate-acuminate, 4–13 cm long and 2–6 cm broad. The actual flower of the plant is small and generally white, but each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts with the bright colours associated with the plant, including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow. Bougainvillea glabra is sometimes referred to as “paper flower” because the bracts are thin and papery. The fruit is a narrow five-lobed achene.

Bougainvillea are relatively pest-free plants, but may suffer from worms, snails and aphids. The larvae of some Lepidoptera species also use them as food plants, for example the giant leopard moth (Hypercompe scribonia).

簕杜鹃是叶子花属(学名:Bougainvillea)植物的统称,又名九重葛、三角梅、三角花、叶子花、叶子梅、毛宝巾、纸花、南美紫茉莉、贺春花等,属于紫茉莉科植物,为常绿木质藤本或灌木,原产于秘鲁、阿根廷、巴西、南美等地。茎上具有弯刺,并密生绒毛。叶全缘,互生,呈广卵形或椭圆状披针形,长5-10厘米,有绒毛品种与无毛品种。花期很长,温暖地区可长年开花,花位于大而且色彩鲜艳的包叶(花苞)之中,花朵较小,白色、黄色或黄绿色,三朵聚生,包叶是它的主要观赏部分。
簕杜鹃是中国广东省深圳市、珠海市、惠州市,江门市、福建省厦门市和海南省三亚市的市花,台湾台北市内湖区的区花,日本那霸市的市花。其中,深圳市在每年秋季都会举办盛大的簕杜鹃花展,名为“深圳市花展”。2011年10月,深圳第13届簕杜鹃市花展在其市中心莲花山公园举办。

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