Photos

The loutra of the Heraion

The loutra of the Heraion leica

The loutra of the Heraion

A Heraion /həˈreɪˌɒn/ or Heraeum /həˈriːəm/ refers to a temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Hera.

Several temples of Antiquity, beginning with the Heraion of Samos, were dedicated to Hera. They are dispersed in the Mediterranean Basin and in the Near East:

Heraion of Samos, the most important of the sanctuaries dedicated to Hera;
Heraion of Argos, near Nafplion in Argolis;
Heraion of Perachora (Hera Akraia and Hera Limenia), near Corinth;
Temple of Hera (Olympia);
Heraion of Lucania, in Magna Graecia;
Heraion of Paestum;
Heraion of Selinunte.
Heraion is also the name of the sea-side village near the temple dedicated to Hera in Samos.

Hera (/ˈhɛrə/, Greek Ἥρα, Hēra, equivalently Ἥρη, Hērē, in Ionic and Homer) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion. Her chief function was as the goddess of women and marriage. Her counterpart in the religion of ancient Rome was Juno.[1] The cow, lion and the peacock were considered sacred to her. Hera’s mother is Rhea and her father Cronus.

Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the polos (a high cylindrical crown worn by several of the Great Goddesses), Hera may bear a pomegranate in her hand, emblem of fertile blood and death and a substitute for the narcotic capsule of the opium poppy.[2] A scholar of Greek mythology Walter Burkert writes in Greek Religion, “Nevertheless, there are memories of an earlier aniconic representation, as a pillar in Argos and as a plank in Samos.”[3]

Hera was known for her jealous and vengeful nature, most notably against Zeus’s lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her, such as Pelias. Paris offended her by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess, earning Hera’s hatred.

赫拉神庙(Ηραίον),拉丁转写为Heraion或者Heraeum是遍布于地中海及小亚细亚各地的供奉天后赫拉的神庙。它们的建造时期从希腊史前时期、古希腊直到希腊化时期以致于希腊罗马时期。最著名的赫拉神庙分别有:
萨摩斯赫拉神庙,位于希腊萨摩斯岛
阿尔戈斯赫拉神庙,位于希腊阿尔戈斯
赫拉利墨尼亚神庙(Hera Limenia),位于希腊科林斯附近
奥林匹斯赫拉神庙,位于希腊奥林匹亚

赫拉(希腊语:Ἡρα或Ἡρη,又译作希拉),是古希腊神话中的天后、奥林帕斯山众神之中地位及权力为最高的女神,同时也是奥林帕斯十二主神之一。她是克罗诺斯(Κρόνος)和瑞亚(Ρέα)的众多子女之一,也是宙斯(Ζεύς)的姐姐和第三位合法妻子(墨提斯、忒弥斯、赫拉),而且还是宙斯的这三位合法妻子中唯一的一位正妻(包括不合法的妻子,继勒托后赫拉排在第七位)。她和宙斯共同育有阿瑞斯、赫淮斯托斯、赫柏和厄勒梯亚。希腊神话里的赫拉相对应于罗马神话里的天后朱诺。伯罗奔尼撒是赫拉崇拜的发祥地,随着奥林帕斯教的统一,她被希腊各地所接受,迈锡尼等地有她的神庙,在阿耳戈斯有纪念她的天后节。
她的名字在古希腊语中为“贵妇人”、“女主人”、“高贵的女性”的意思。古希腊诗人—赫西俄德的著作中则把赫拉称为“白臂女神”与“脚穿金鞋的赫拉”;在荷马史诗中,她被称为“牛眼的赫拉”,形容赫拉拥有一双洞察一切事物的大眼睛,诸如此类的这些称呼都与图腾崇拜有关。

Full Picture Here

Leave a Comment