The loutra of the Heraion
A Heraion /həˈreɪˌɒn/ or Heraeum /həˈriːəm/ refers to a temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Hera.
Several temples of Antiquity, beginning with the Heraion of Samos, were dedicated to Hera. They are dispersed in the Mediterranean Basin and in the Near East:
Heraion of Samos, the most important of the sanctuaries dedicated to Hera;
Heraion of Argos, near Nafplion in Argolis;
Heraion of Perachora (Hera Akraia and Hera Limenia), near Corinth;
Temple of Hera (Olympia);
Heraion of Lucania, in Magna Graecia;
Heraion of Paestum;
Heraion of Selinunte.
Heraion is also the name of the sea-side village near the temple dedicated to Hera in Samos.
Hera (/ˈhɛrə/, Greek Ἥρα, Hēra, equivalently Ἥρη, Hērē, in Ionic and Homer) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion. Her chief function was as the goddess of women and marriage. Her counterpart in the religion of ancient Rome was Juno. The cow, lion and the peacock were considered sacred to her. Hera’s mother is Rhea and her father Cronus.
Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the polos (a high cylindrical crown worn by several of the Great Goddesses), Hera may bear a pomegranate in her hand, emblem of fertile blood and death and a substitute for the narcotic capsule of the opium poppy. A scholar of Greek mythology Walter Burkert writes in Greek Religion, “Nevertheless, there are memories of an earlier aniconic representation, as a pillar in Argos and as a plank in Samos.”
Hera was known for her jealous and vengeful nature, most notably against Zeus’s lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her, such as Pelias. Paris offended her by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess, earning Hera’s hatred.